How To Setup Foundry for Local Blockchain Development in 2024

I’ve heard about Foundry being very hyped up right now as the best Environment for developing Contracts on the Blockchain. What’s different and very good about Foundry is that the tests are written in the Solidity language, so you don’t have to learn another language like JS to do your tests. Also it doesn’t make sense to test code with some other language.

What I find a little worrying tho is that the tests do not really run on your blockchain node, they only copy its state. You can read more about that here.

Anyways here is how to set up your Foundry Environemnt for Blockchain Development:

  1. curl -L https://foundry.paradigm.xyz | bash
  2. foundryup
  3. forge init hello_foundry
  4. cd hello_foundry
  5. forge install
  6. Add your HelloWorld.sol
    // Hello World contract
    pragma solidity >=0.4.22 <0.9.0;
    
    contract HelloWorld {
        string public greeting;
    
        // Constructor to initialize the greeting message
        constructor() {
            greeting = "Hello, World!";
        }
    
        // Function to get the current greeting message
        function getGreeting() public view returns (string memory) {
            return greeting;
        }
    
        // Function to set a new greeting message
        function setGreeting(string memory _newGreeting) public {
            greeting = _newGreeting;
        }
    }
  7. forge build
  8. forge test
  9. run anvil which will run a local testnet
  10. Get a private key from one of the accounts created by Anvil
  11. forge create HelloWorld --rpc-url http://127.0.0.1:8545 --interactive

    When prompted for private key copy paste the one from Ganache. This is the result.

    [⠒] Compiling…
    No files changed, compilation skipped
    Enter private key:
    Deployer: 0x7a97620D02ADA6441d9d6c7CCCC625d8D943D776
    Deployed to: 0xd34bad36e60e1BddF87Ec04AA7CAE67642b6831B
    Transaction hash: 0x085b6a94c4c1f07a2c6e7cf1daca47440b181ff873ce04dbdbfbbf15ee7f9dfd
  12. You can finally interact with your contract, by calling the functions you’ve defined. Let’s start out by calling a getGreeting function which just returns a string stored in a variable.

    The 0xd34bad36e60e1BddF87Ec04AA7CAE67642b6831B is the hash of our deployed contract that we got when calling forge create

    cast call 0xd34bad36e60e1BddF87Ec04AA7CAE67642b6831B "getGreeting()(string memory)" --rpc-url http://127.0.0.1:8545
  13. To call setGreeting, because it’s an operation that changes a blockchain state you have to use cast send

    The 0xa870d152929a29ab982c0f8f2803172b23c156f3309bb09a1d30ac40ad6f1290 is our private key from Ganache account.

    cast send 0xd34bad36e60e1BddF87Ec04AA7CAE67642b6831B --private-key 0xa870d152929a29ab982c0f8f2803172b23c156f3309bb09a1d30ac40ad6f1290 "setGreeting(string)" "Hello" --rpc-url http://127.0.0.1:8545

So that’s it, you’ve successfuly built, deployed and interacted with you contracts on your Local Blockchain. If you prefer using Truffle with Ganache then check out my setup guide here.

See also  How to setup a Blockchain Environment Locally using Truffle & Ganache in 2024

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